NFL Teams – Indianapolis Colts

Image of the Indianapolis Colts logo.

The Indianapolis Colts are an NFL football team located in the city of Indianapolis, Indiana. The Colts were established in 1953, which makes them one of the oldest NFL franchises. They currently play in the AFC South Division with the Jacksonville Jaguars, Tennessee Titans and Houston Texans. The team is owned by Jim Irsay and their official team colors are royal blue and white.

Team History

The Indianapolis Colts are among the most successful franchises in the history of the NFL. This is mostly because they’ve had an abundance of successful quarterbacks throughout their team history (see below). The team began playing in the NFL as the Baltimore Colts from 1953-1983 before relocating to Indianapolis in 1984. The team has made the playoffs 27 times and was crowned conference champions 7 times. They have also played in three Super Bowl’s, winning two of them (1970, 2006).


Image of Lucas Oil Stadium.

Like the Colts franchise, the home stadium has undergone major changes since the team began playing in the NFL. While located in Baltimore, the Colts played at Memorial Stadium for 30 years before relocating to Indianapolis. Once in Indianapolis, the Colts played at the RCA dome from 1984-2007. In 2008, the Indianapolis Colts opened a state of the art retractable roof dome stadium called Lucas Oil Stadium (pictured above). Lucas Oil Stadium is among the newest and nicest stadiums in the NFL. The stadium has already hosted some major sporting events, including a Super Bowl and an NCAA Final Four.

Famous Members of the Colts

  • Peyton Manning – Future Hall of Fame Quarterback who currently plays for the Denver Broncos.
  • Johnny Unitas – Hall of Fame Quarterback
  • Andrew Luck – Current Quarterback
  • Marvin Harrison – Future Hall of Fame Wide Receiver
  • Dwight Freeney – Future Hall of Fame Defensive Lineman
  • Reggie Wayne – Future Hall of Fame Wide Receiver

Indianapolis Colts Merchandise

Credit: Wikipedia

NCAA Schools – Texas Longhorns

Image of the University of Texas seal.

The University of Texas (UT) is the Flagship University for the State of Texas. It is a public research university that was established in 1883. The campus is located in the capital city of Austin, an emerging city in the United States. As of 2014, UT had 38,000 undergrads and 12,000 post grads enrolled in school. Their school motto is “Cultivated mind is the guardian genius of democracy”. Their school colors are burnt orange and white.


The University of Texas is consistently rated as one of the top public universities in the United States. UT is considered by some to be a “Public Ivy” school – which means that it provides Ivy League education at a public school price. It was one of only 8 schools to be deemed as “Public Ivy”. Some of Texas’ best academic programs include but are not limited to; business, engineering, education, pharmacy, earth sciences, law. UT is also one of the richest public schools in the United States, thanks to successful alumni and generous sports boosters.


Image of the Texas Longhorns logo.

The University of Texas is one of the top athletic colleges in the NCAA. The school fields 18 varsity level teams and they are referred to as the Texas Longhorns. The Texas Longhorns currently compete in the Big 12 conference and their biggest rival comes from the neighboring state of Oklahoma, the Oklahoma Sooners. The Longhorns are excellent in a number of sports, including track, golf, baseball, softball, basketball and football. However, the school is most famous for its men’s football program. The football team has the second most wins in college football history, only behind the University of Michigan. While the team has struggled in recent years, they are still considered a powerhouse school with a powerhouse athletic budget. The Texas Longhorns have the richest athletic department in the NCAA, which allows for top notch facilities, like Darrel K Royal Texas Memorial Stadium pictured below.

Image of the Texas Longhorns football stadium - DKR.

Famous Texas Longhorns Alumni

The University of Texas is one of the largest, most famous universities in the United States. With that being said, it has produced some extremely famous alumni in a variety of fields and industries. Take a look below, you will probably recognize most of these names.

  • Jeb Bush – Florida governor running for President in 2016
  • Laura Bush – former first lady, wife of George Bush
  • Roger Clemens – Hall of Fame MLB pitcher
  • Kevin Durant – MVP level NBA player
  • Jordan Speith – Professional golfer
  • Matthew McConaughey – actor
  • Owen Wilson – actor
  • Jon Hamm – actor
  • Renee Zellweger – actress

Texas Longhorns Merchandise

Source: Wikipedia

State Flags with Stars

We all know that the United States is one of the most famous flags in the world. The American flag prominently features 50 stars, each of which represent an official state of the USA. Those 50 stars are the most stars that appear on any national flag. This got us to wonder, do the state flags of America also have the same passion for stars on their flag design? If so, which state flags have stars? Let’s take a look.

We won’t cover all 23 of the state flags with stars, but we will cover the flags that appear on our most famous state flags list. The full list of state flags with stars can be viewed below.


Image of the California state flag.

The California state flag is one of the most well known state flags despite its violation of rule #4 on Roman Mars’ flag design principles – a rule which frowns upon the use of lettering on flags. The flag also features a large grizzly bear on a white background with a red star in the top left corner. The grizzly bear stands for strength and the red star stands for freedom.


Image of the Texas state flag.

The Texas Lone Star Flag is no doubt the most famous state flag with a star. The lone star itself stands for unity and the five points stand for loyalty, prudence, righteousness, fortitude and broadmindedness.


Image of the Ohio state flag.

The Ohio state flag is one of the most unique state flags because it is the only state flag that is shaped like a pennant, not a standard rectangular. The 13 stars on the left side of the “O” represent the original 13 colonies. The 4 stars on the right side of the “O” represent Ohio as the 17th state that was admitted to the union.

Full list of state flags with stars

AlaskaArizonaArkansas, California, GeorgiaIllinoisIndianaKansasMaineMassachusettsMinnesotaMississippiMissouriNevadaNew HampshireNorth CarolinaNorth Dakota, Ohio, OregonRhode IslandTennessee, Texas, Utah

National Flags with Stars

Which national flags have stars and what do they stand for?

There are literally hundreds of national flags with stars; therefore we will not cover all of them here. However, we will cover a few of the more notable national flags with stars.

United States of America

Image of the United States flag.

The American Flag is easily the most famous national flag in the world, and it also features the largest number of stars on any flag. The 50 stars on the American flag represent each state that has joined the United States.


Image of the Australia flag.

The Australian flag uses stars to represent its geographical location. The five star formation on the flag resembles the Southern Cross, which is a star constellation viewed in the southern hemisphere. The larger seven point star is called the Federation Star, which represents the unity of the six states in Australia.


Image of the Brazilian flag.

The Brazilian flag uses stars similarly to the American flag. The 27 stars on the Brazilian flag represent the country’s 26 states and 1 federal district.


Image of the Chinese flag.

Instead of representing states or cities within, the Chinese flag uses stars on the flag as a way to represent social statuses.  The large star represents the Communist party of China. The four smaller stars stand for the four social classes in China. Those classes are the working class, peasantry, middle class, and national capitalists.

European Union

Image of the European Union flag.

The European Union flag uses a circular star formation, similar to the old Betsy Ross flag. However, unlike the Betsy Ross flag, the stars on the European Union flag do not represent the countries/states in the union. The stars on the flag represent unity, solidarity and harmony among the European people.


Image of the Israeli flag.

The Israeli flag is famous for having the Star of David at its center. The Star of David is the official Jewish symbol, but the modern use of it on the Israeli flag represents a new beginning.

Other notable national flags with stars: Turkey, Vietnam, Chile, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Cameroon, North Korea and Panama.

The Indian Flag | National Flags

Image of the flag of India.

The Indian flag uses a traditional tricolor flag design, something that is very popular among European nations. The three colors are aligned as horizontal stripes of saffron (orange), white and green. The three colors on the Indian flag each have their own individual meanings. Saffron stands for courage and sacrifice, white symbolizes truth and purity, green represents prosperity and life. The center of the flag is occupied by the Ashoka Chakra, which is a blue wheel with 24 spokes. The Indian flag was officially adopted on July 22, 1947.

About India:

India is the second most populated country in the world with over 1.2 billion residents – only China has a larger population. Their largest city is Mumbai, which is one of the most populated cities in the entire world. India is also the seventh largest country by land area. India is viewed as a religious nation, mostly because four religions have originated there – the most famous religion being Buddhism. The economy of India is considered to be newly industrialized and is the 7th largest economy in the entire world based on GDP. India also has one of the largest standing armies in the world.

Landmarks & Historical Places

The Taj Mahal is a marble mausoleum located in the city of Agra. The Taj Mahal was constructed in 1653 and serves as the house for the tomb of emperor Shan Jahan’s favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal.

Image of the Taj Mahal

The Qutub Minar is a famous minaret that is surrounded by ancient medieval monuments. A minaret is a tall, skinny tower that is typically used as a place for prayer.

Image of Qutub Minar.

Credit: Wikipedia

NFL Teams – San Francisco 49ers

Image of the San Francisco 49ers logo.

The San Francisco 49ers are an NFL football team located in San Francisco, California. They are one of the NFL’s oldest franchises, being established in 1946. The 49ers currently play in the NFC West with the Arizona Cardinals, Seattle Seahawks and St. Louis Rams. The team is owned by Jed York and their official team colors are red, gold and white.

Team History

The San Francisco 49ers are among the best teams in the history of the NFL. The 49ers have the second most super bowl wins among all teams with 5, only behind the Pittsburgh Steelers who have 6. They have also appeared in the playoffs a total of 26 times, the most recent being in 2013. With all that success, they have had some of the most famous players in NFL history (see below). However, they have experienced one of the worst fallouts in recent history. A compilation of injuries, arrests, roster and coaching changes have derailed this team in the first half of the 2015 calendar year. How will the team fare in the 2015 season?


Prior to the 2014 season, the San Francisco 49ers played their home games at Candlestick Park for 43 seasons. In need of an upgrade, the team moved into the brand new Levi’s Stadium in 2014. Levis Stadium is a state of the art facility that seats around 68,000 fans for football games. Levi’s stadium was also selected to host Super Bowl 50 for the 2015/16 season, which is huge for the team and the city of San Francisco.

Image of Levis Stadium.

Famous Members of the 49ers

  • Joe Montana – Hall of Fame Quarterback
  • Jerry Rice – Hall of Fame Wide Receiver
  • Bill Walsh – former coach
  • Ronnie Lott – Hall of Fame Defensive Back
  • Steve Young – Hall of Fame Quarterback
  • Terrell Owens – also famous for his time playing with the Dallas Cowboys and Philadelphia Eagles.
  • Dion Sanders – Hall of Fame Defensive Back who is most famous for his time playing with the Atlanta Falcons and Dallas Cowboys.

San Francisco 49ers Merchandise

Credit: Wikipedia

The Most Uncommon Flag Colors

Colors on a flag are one of the most important parts of a well designed flag. Those who live in the United States understand that some countries obsess over their flag colors. The American Flag is great, but it is one of many national flags with red, white and blue. We also know that red, white and blue are the among the most common national flag colors. What about flags that feature uncommon colors? Let’s dive a bit deeper.

While these flags won’t make the list for most colorful national flags, they do feature the most uncommon flag colors. The most uncommon flag colors are… purple and pink. Take a look at the few flags that actually feature these uncommon flag colors in their flag design.


The Tokyo Metropolis Flag (Insignias of Tokyo) uses purple as a way to recognize Edo, the city that evolved into the city of Tokyo.

Image of the Tokyo Metropolis Flag.

The Armenian Apostolic Church is the world’s oldest national church and among the first churches to adopt Christianity as its official religion.

Image of the flag of the Armenian Apostolic Church.

The Madrid city flag uses a shade of purple on the background of its flag design.

Image of the Madrid City Flag.

The Montreal city flag displays a purple thistle on the bottom left quadrant of its flag design. The purple thistle is said to represent the Scottish people that inhabited the city.

Image of Montreal City Flag.

Other flags with purple: Balearic Islands, International Brigades, Iroquois Confederacy, Malaga, Northern Mariana Islands and Second Spanish Republic.


The Newfoundland flag closely resembles the popular tricolor flag design made famous by the French. Newfoundland is a region along the east coast of Canada.

Image of the Newfoundland flag.

The Espírito Santo flag is a tricolor flag design with the words Trabalha e Confia (Work and Trust) at the center of the flag. Espírito Santo is a state along the southeastern portion of Brazil.

Image of the Espírito Santo flag.

Other flags with pink: we couldn’t find any

Credit: Wikipedia

The Most Common National Flag Colors

Flag design is the most noticeable part of a flag. Colors on a flag are the most noticeable part of the flag design. As we know from the flag design principles, using two or three colors from the standard color wheel is a best practice when designing a flag. The most common national flag colors are red, white and blue. These colors can be used individually or together. Let’s take a look at some of the most common national flag colors and their individual meanings. We will not cover every national flag that uses red, white or blue – you can see flags of all color combinations in the credits section of this post.


Tons (not literally) of flags use the color red as the main color in their flag design. Here are a few of the most notable ones.


Image of the Canadian flag.

The Canadian flag is incredible because it combines meaningful symbolism with simple color use. It is also one of the few national flags with only two colors. Red is one of Canada’s national colors and it represents hardiness, bravery, strength and valor.


Image of the Chinese flag.

Similar to the Canadian flag, the Chinese flag only uses two colors in its flag design. Red is a traditional color of Chinese culture, but the red on the Chinese flag represents the communist revolution.

Other notable flags that use red as the dominant color include: Austria, Denmark, Latvia, Spain, Turkey and Vietnam.


White is the most used color on a flag, but it is generally used as a secondary or complimentary color. Here are a few flags that prominently feature the color white.


Image of the Japanese flag.

The Japanese flag is one of the world’s most famous flags, but it is also one of the most simple flag designs. White on the flag represents honesty, purity and integrity.


Image of the flag of Finland.

The flag of Finland is one of the flags that have a similar design to other national flags. The white on the flag represents the snow that covers the entire country in the winter.


With so many shades of blue, flag designs use the color blue in a variety of ways.


Image of the flag of Greece.

The Greek flag is one of the busiest flag designs, with alternating stripes mixed in with a cross on a plain background. The white and blue on the flag represent the sea, sky, clouds and waves.


Image of the flag of Australia.

The Australian flag is another busy flag design, but it is also one of the most recognizable ones, mostly because of the Union Jack on the upper left quadrant of the flag. Blue on the flag represents vigilance, truth, justice and perseverance.

Other notable flags that use blue as the dominant color include: Argentina, Iceland, Palau, and Somalia.

Credit: Wikipedia

New Zealand Flag Design Options

The list of possible New Zealand Flag design options has been narrowed down to 40.

Image of the New Zealand flag design options.

As you may have heard, New Zealand is looking to change its flag design. This is partly because many people believe that the New Zealand flag is similar to the Australian flag. The government has allowed the public to submit their New Zealand flag designs.

Nearly 10,000 submissions were reviewed by the “Flag Consideration Panel”. After careful consideration, the panel has narrowed down the list of potential New Zealand flag designs to 40. All of the 40 designs selected have been submitted by residents of New Zealand. “In reviewing alternatives, we were guided that a potential new flag should unmistakably be from New Zealand and celebrate us as a progressive, inclusive nation that is connected to its environment, and has a sense of its past and vision for its future,” said John Burrows, Chairman of the Flag Consideration Project.

Of the New Zealand flag design options, the silver fern is the most common object to appear on the flag. The silver fern appears on everything in New Zealand, except the national flag. The silver fern is a national symbol in New Zealand, similar to the maple leaf on the Canadian flag. It makes sense to include the silver fern on the New Zealand flag, but the official decision is TBD.

Let’s take a look at a few of the favorites to win the overall bid.

Image of the Silver Fern flag design for New Zealand.

“Silver Fern (Black & White)” – Design by Kyle Lockwood. The New Zealand Prime Minister is rumored to be in favor of the silver fern on an all black background. However, one flag expert says that it could be mistaken for the ISIS flag. Below are a few alternatives.

Image of the Fern flag design for New Zealand.

“Fern (Green, Black & White)” – Design by Clay Sinclair and Sandra Ellmers.

Image of the Green Silver Fern flag design for New Zealand.

“Silver Fern (Green) – Design by Roger Clarke.


National Flags that are Red, White and Blue

Image of the American Flag.

If you live in America, you are familiar with Old Glory and all her mystique. The American Flag is arguably the most famous flag in the world. This is partly because of America’s political and social status, but also because of the flag’s beauty and symbolism. Old Glory is a red, white and blue masterpiece. But what other national flags are red, white and blue? Let’s take a look (flags listed below are in alphabetical order).


Image of the flag of Australia.

The flag of Australia is one of the busiest flag designs among all national flags. The flag features the Union Jack in the top left quadrant, with five 7 point stars and one 5 pointed star. The stars are aligned to represent the Southern Cross Constellation. With all of these symbols and fixtures on the flag design, it manages to only use the colors red, white and blue.


Image of the Cuban flag.

The flag of Cuba features alternating stripes of blue and white with a red triangle along the hoist side of the flag. Inside the red triangle is a single five pointed star. The flag does a great job of mixing numerous shapes, colors and styles into a free flowing flag design.


Image of the French flag.

The flag of France is a standard tricolor flag design, something that is common among European flags. Red and blue are associated with its capital city of Paris, and white is used to symbolize the French Revolution. Alternative meanings include both religious and revolutionary symbolism. Some say that the blue stands for freedom, white for equality and red for brotherhood.


Image of the Russian flag.

Similar to the French flag, the Russian Flag uses a very straightforward tricolor stripe approach to its flag design. But unlike the French flag, the Russian Flag uses three horizontal stripes of red, white and blue – the French flag uses vertical stripes. The flag was adopted as early as 1696, but was discontinued with the establishment of the Soviet Union in 1917, only to be readopted after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991.

United Kingdom

Image of the UK Union Jack flag.

The Union Jack Flag is one of the world’s most famous flags. The flag perfectly blends symbols from England, Ireland and Scotland – three of the four countries in the United Kingdom.